COA: Officers Don’t Have To Relay Specifics Of Their ‘Reasonable Suspicions’

first_imgCOA: Officers Don’t Have To Relay Specifics Of Their ‘Reasonable Suspicions’IL for www.theindianalawyer.comDeciding that police officers do not have to relay the specific details of their reasons for being suspicious of a person before an officer stops and detains that person, the Indiana Court of Appeals has rejected a man’s argument that evidence of his possession of a handgun was improperly admitted.In the case of Charles Dunson v. State of Indiana, 49A04-1603-CR-469, Indianapolis Metropolitan Police Department officers responded to a call about gunshots, shouting and violence in the 2400 block of Kenwood Avenue. The officers arrived and found Tamika Coleman bleeding from the face. During the officers’ conversation with Coleman, Charles Dunson drove past on a motorcycle and Coleman told officers he was involved in the altercation.Officer Cathy Faulk indicated through police radio broadcast to Officer Matthew Addington and others that a man on a silver motorcycle “may be involved” in the situation, and Addington, upon seeing Dunson on his motorcycle, detained him. He then noticed a bulge in Dunson’s pants, patted him down and seized a handgun.Dunson was charged with Class A misdemeanor carrying a handgun without a license, but the charge was enhanced to a Level 5 felony because Dunson had previously been convicted on the same offense. During his trial, Dunson challenged the admissibility of the seized handgun as evidence, but the Marion Superior Court overruled his objects and convicted him on the felony charge.In his appeal, Dunson said Addington’s detainment and seizure of his gun violated his Fourth Amendment rights because the officer “lacked reasonable suspicion to believe (he) was engaged in criminal activity prior to stopping him and any knowledge known to the investigating officer cannot be imputed on the stopping officer,” as is required under Terry v. Ohio, 392 U.S. 1, 88, S. Ct. 1868 (1968).Specifically, Dunson said Faulk’s indication officers on a radio broadcast that he may have been involved in the altercation was not specific enough to create reasonable suspicion.But the Indiana Court of Appeals disagreed, writing in a Friday opinion that the Indiana Supreme Court had previously held in Griffith v. State,788 N.E. 2d 835, 840 (Ind. 2003) that, “Where there is a police-channel communication to the arresting officer, he acts in good faith thereon, and such knowledge and information exist within the department, the arrest is based on probable cause.”Such a police-channel communication existed between Faulk and Addington, the appellate court said, so Addington’s detention of Dunson was based upon collective law enforcement information. Although Faulk did not relay the exact details of her suspicion of Dunson, requiring her to do so would be cumbersome, practical and potentially dangerous, the court wrote.“Requiring the level of detail Dunson suggests is necessary could hamstring an officer’s ability to effectively carry out his or her duties,” Judge Michael Barnes wrote for the court. “Allowing officers to rely on the collective knowledge of the law enforcement organization is practical and leads to more efficient police work.”FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmailSharelast_img read more

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Warren says biggest shame is Equifax might benefit from hack

first_img continue reading » U.S. Senator Elizabeth Warren said one of the biggest injustices of the Equifax Inc. hack is that the company might actually benefit from the fact that a majority of Americans’ personal data is now in the hands of criminals.“Equifax will be just fine,” Warren told former Equifax Chief Executive Officer Richard Smith at a Senate Banking Committee hearing Wednesday. “Heck, it could actually come out ahead.”Warren, one of the finance industry’s most relentless critics, noted that the company advertises fraud-protection services and profits from selling consumer-data that it promises to keep safe. On Equifax and its competitors, the Massachusetts Democrat said she wants the “entire industry to be transformed.”Smith responded that after the breach, Equifax is offering victims free fraud protection tools and other services. 6SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblrlast_img read more

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Two Croatian projects in the finals of the European Natura 2000 Awards

first_imgAmong the 27 finalists, there are two projects in which they are also Croatian partners, which compete in five categories. LENA – Local Economy and Nature Conservation in the Danube region ECO KARST – For Nature and For People The European Commission has announced the finalists of the European Natura 2000 Award for 2020. Voting is open until September 15, 2020. Find out more about all the finalists HERElast_img

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Raina replaces ‘unfit’ Rayudu for England ODIs

first_imgNew Delhi, June 16: Seasoned batsman Suresh Raina was on Saturday named as a replacement for Ambati Rayudu in the One-Day International squad against England after the Hyderabadi batsman failed to clear the mandatory fitness test.The 32-year-old Rayudu’s score was on Friday found to be well below the threshold mark of 16.1 after he underwent the yo-yo test along with the rest of the England-bound squad including skipper Virat Kohli, at the National Cricket Academy in Bengaluru in the presence of trainer Shankar Basu and the other support staff.”The All-India Senior Selection Committee has named Suresh Raina as Ambati Rayudu’s replacement in India’s ODI squad for the series against England,” a BCCI statement confirmed.”The announcement came after Rayudu failed to clear his fitness test that was held at NCA, Bengaluru on Friday,” it added.Rayudu, whose last international appearance was in an ODI against Zimbabwe in June 2016, was named in the India squad for the ODIs against England after a successful outing in the recently-concluded Indian Premier League (IPL).The right-hander finished as the leading run-getter (602) for champions Chennai Super Kings and the fourth highest run-scorer overall in IPL 2018.The yo-yo test has become a criterion for fitness standards in Indian cricket determining selection.India’s tour of England begins on July 3 with the limited-overs leg of three T20Is and three ODIs.From August 1 to September 11, India will take on England in a five-match Test series. IANSlast_img read more

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MTN FA Cup on SuperSport: Why Duncan needs Sunday’s win for validation

first_img“I lose no sleep when people talk about the facts that I have not won the league. If you are going to go back into your archives or annals and find out of the types of cups I have won, it is the type of cups that no quarter is asked for and no quarter is given.”This was David Duncan’s assessment of critics lashing out at him for not winning a single league title.But is he justified? And what will his first FA Cup triumph do for him? Ahead of Kotoko’s FA Cup final against Medeama on Sunday, is the trophy worth much more than he’s letting on?It is undeniable that coaches are judged by the trophies they win. And, more importantly, the type of titles they win. This has been the main critique against Duncan for these years.In his 13 years as manager, he’s won the 2006 SWAG Cup with Ashantigold and 2013 Presidents’ Cup with Hearts of Oak on Ghanaian soil. In addition, he won the Macufe Cup in 2006 with Ashantigold and Phakisa Cup with Free State Stars all in South Africa.These trophies are not by any means belittled, but none can be compared the FA Cup or Premier League (even though the competitveness of the league has been questioned by many.)Duncan is yet to win a cup which has more than four teams involved.The SWAG Cup was a one-off final against Kotoko, while the Presidents’ Cup was a four team tournament which included Medeama and TP Mazembe.In South Africa, the experienced trainers’ Macufe Cup triumph was realized in another four team tournament which included Sundowns, Blomfontein Celtic and Hearts of Oak. In his other trophy with the South African side, the tournament was also played amongst four teams which included Bloemfontein Celtic, Kaizer Chiefs and Orlando Pirates.His stint with the national team has been topsy turvy.While with the Starlets, he managed to reach the final of the African Championships only to lose in unceremonious fashion while their World Cup campaign was abysmal – three draws and a subsequent group stage crash.His stint with the national under 23 team, the Black Meteors, will quickly be forgotten by the man himself as attempts to qualify the team for the London Olympics were quickly dashed as they fell to Sudan. He was later replaced by Kwesi Appiah who won gold with the team in Mozambique.His accusations of the league seem very harsh considering 30 matches are played over the course of the season.Are a bulk of the fixtures not played in a good sporting spirit? Duncan placed second twice with Ashantigold during his stint with the Obuasi side.Are those also not valued by Duncan?Duncan may have all the genuine reasons to doubt the credibility of Ghana’s league due to unscrupulous dealings but the FA Cup represents his biggest opportunity to put all his critics to bed. The Kotoko coach has been part of the rise to fame of great players in the country notably Mubarak Wakaso, Sadat Bukari, Opoku Agyeman, Jonathan Quartey and David Telfer but needs a “major” trophy to full cement his place in the hearts of fans.A win on Sunday will not only give Duncan his first cup win in a competition comprising more than four teams but it will also represent a major feather in his cup as he is fast building a reputation of saving clubs who go through adversities during the course of a season. Ahead of the gameDuncan is not expecting an easy game in the August 30 final “It obviously won’t be an easy match. We don’t expect it to be easy. If you have all players available, then of course you can go into the game with some degree of confidence that, you have a good chance of winning it,” he said.For preps, the Reds played Bechem United earlier this week. Ahmed Toure scored a beautiful late goal to save Kotoko from losing 1-0 Duncan said the game was to give players who haven’t been too regular the chance to be active.“It’s one of the avenues through which we wanted to look at players who haven’t been too active. These are not the kind of times to experiment; so when you get the opportunity, you want to have a look at them and plan.”“There are players who are coming from a long layoff for various reasons. A player like Michael Akuffo went on trials and since his return, the team that has been playing and has been gelling,” he noted. “There seems to be some understanding between the players who have been playing. The partnership that has existed between Jackson and Kwadwo Poku has been good,” said Duncan.“There is going to be a time that we might need Akuffo so these are some of the ways by which you must get him to be in sync with the team.“Others have been quite busy for this game, so we rested them. We’re going to come back strongly to prepare for the cup final.” There are currently no real injuries to report and Sunday’s final should be special.–CLICK TO READ: Analysis – Are Kotoko FA Cup kings or chokers? –The FA Cup final will be live on SuperSport channel 209 on SUnday. Kickoff is 4pm. Follow Joy Sports on Twitter: @Joy997FM. Our hashtag is #JoySportslast_img read more

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